ACBL – American Contract Bridge League.
ACBL Management – The ACBL Chief Executive Officer or his or her designee.
ACBL Officials – Members of the ACBL Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board of Governors, members of any ACBL Foundation Board or of any ACBL committee, sub-committee or commission appointed by the ACBL President, or by the ACBL Board or by a member of the ACBL Board. It shall also include members of the Board of Governors.
Members of any District or Unit Board within the ACBL and of any duly appointed or elected committee or sub-committee of such a Board.
Members of any ACBL Tournament Committee and all independent contractors hired by a Tournament Committee. This includes all Tournament Assistants and Caddies hired to work at an ACBL sanctioned tournament.
ACBL employees, the ACBL Recorder, and ACBL League Counsel.
Administrative Suspension – The suspension imposed by ACBL management in accordance with CDR 4.3.
Advocate – A person selected by the unit, district or ACBL management to represent the organization by prosecuting the complaint.
Appeals and Charges Committee – A Committee of the Board of Directors which hears all disciplinary appeals on behalf of the Board of Directors.
Attorney – A person who is licensed or has been licensed to practice law in any jurisdiction.


Board of Directors – The governing body of ACBL


CDR – Code of Disciplinary Regulations
Charge – A matter brought to an ACBL disciplinary body by an ACBL representative upon the making of a complaint.
Charging Party – The official of a unit, district or the ACBL acting upon a complaint.
Comfortable Satisfaction – A burden of proof that is met when after a careful weighing of the evidence and facts proved by direct and/or circumstantial evidence, the trier of fact has a comfortable satisfaction that it has reached a correct and just conclusion. It is higher than a preponderance of the evidence, but not as high as beyond a reasonable doubt. Direct, circumstantial, hearsay, witness statements, mathematical analysis, and any other relevant evidence can be used to establish Comfortable Satisfaction.
Complainant – A person or body bringing a complaint.
Complaint – A written accusation by an ACBL member, a non-member playing in an ACBL sanctioned event, ACBL management or a unit or district alleging conduct in violation of CDR 3 that requests that charges be made to an appropriate disciplinary body.


Disciplinary Bodies – The committees set forth in CDR 1 which are authorized to hear charges involving tournament discipline.
Discrimination – Actions against a full-time or part-time ACBL employee, independent contractor, member or participant in an ACBL sanctioned event because of race, creed, color, religion, national origin, ancestry, sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation or other personal characteristics covered by law.


Eligibility Points – Masterpoints assigned to be used for placement in a flight, bracket or stratification category and used to ensure proper seeding. These points shall not be used for attaining ACBL ranks or in any masterpoint race. For the purpose of the CDR, the eligibility points assigned shall be equal points forfeited by the action of a disciplinary body.
Ethical Oversight Committee – A committee established by the Board of Directors which hears original cases of cheating or serious breaches of ethics or other disciplinary referrals per CDR 2.2.3(d).
Ethical Violations – Infractions of the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge or the CDR that involve improper conduct consciously perpetrated. “Ethical violations,” include but are not limited to:
1. Any deliberate communication not allowed by the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge.
2. Obtaining unauthorized information from hand records of the current session prior to the conclusion of play or hand records of future sessions, except upon express instruction of the Director.
3. Purposely looking at the unplayed cards of another player (other than penalty cards) before play of the deal is concluded.
4. Purposely looking at another player’s (other than partner’s) private score or any score ticket or score slip, or a video screen, which displays or contains scoring information for or relating to a deal yet to be played by the offender during the session.
5. Deliberately behaving in a manner intended to disrupt, intimidate, or disconcert another player.
6. Concealing partnership agreements or deliberately providing incomplete, inaccurate, misleading, or inadequate explanations.
7. Deliberate violations of the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge and/or ACBL regulations which may produce improper or unfair advantages; no proof of intent to gain such unfair or improper advantage is necessary.
Expulsion – see CDR 4.1.5.
Expungement – The removal of a discipline, after such discipline has been served, from a person’s disciplinary record so that it is as though the discipline was never imposed.


Incident – An occurrence of conduct or actions by a player or ACBL member which may be the basis for a player memo or complaint.


Law – A provision in “The Laws of Duplicate Bridge”.


Member in Good Standing – An ACBL member shall be deemed to be in “good standing” when such member’s dues, if dues are required, are current and such member is not currently:
1. expelled,
2. serving a term of suspension,
3. serving indefinite probation,
4. serving a probation the initial term of which was twenty- four or more months or
5. serving a term of probation following a suspension, the initial term of which was in excess of ninety days.
A member who is not in good standing as defined herein shall not be entitled to serve in any elected or appointed position in ACBL.
Month – For the purposes of the CDR, a month is equal to 30 days.


Player Memo – A written document informing the Recorder about an incident. This is not a complaint, but may be used as the basis for a complaint. To submit a player memo, please click here.
Preponderance of the Evidence – Evidence that is more convincing than the evidence opposed to it.
Presenter – A person selected by the Chairman of the Disciplinary Committee or the organization with jurisdiction, to make or assist with an impartial and neutral presentation of evidence to a disciplinary body.
President – The president of the ACBL Board of Directors.
Prima Facie – Evidence that is sufficient to establish a fact in question until rebutted.


Reporter – The person who signs and files the player memo.
Reprimand – See CDR 4.1.1.


Sanctioned Event – For the CDR, any ACBL sanction issued by the ACBL to a club, unit or district and any event awarding ACBL masterpoints which is conducted and sponsored by the ACBL.
Subject – The person who is the subject of the player memo.
Suspended Sentence – See CDR 4.1.3.
Suspension – See CDR 4.1.4.


TDC – The Tournament Disciplinary Committee which is a committee acting and completing its action at or immediately after an ACBL tournament and which hears disciplinary charges arising from action occurring at a tournament.


Unit Sponsored Club – A club which has any one or more of the following features:
(a) a board which is the same as the unit board or which is appointed by the unit; or
(b) a co-mingling of funds with those of the unit; or
(c) a placement of funds in a unit
owned account; or
(d) the appointment of a club manager or director by the Unit.”